Insecticiden

Asocial behaviours induced in worker bees by imidacloprid lead to colony collapse

Imidacloprid - a type of neonicotinoid - changes the way that worker bees interact with the colony’s larvae: they become less social, stop nursing larvae, experience altered social and spatial dynamics within nests, and cease hive insulation construction. A research team led by James Crall of Harvard University investigated the effects of imidacloprid using a robotic platform for continuous, multicolony monitoring of uniquely identified workers. Their research showed that the behaviours induced by imidacloprid lead to colony collapse.

Relationship between Urinary N-Desmethyl-Acetamiprid and Typical Symptoms including Neurological Findings

We previously determined a metabolite of acetamiprid, N-desmethyl-acetamiprid in the urine of a patient, who exhibited some typical symptoms including neurological findings. We sought to investigate the association between urinary N-desmethyl-acetamiprid and the symptoms by a prevalence case-control study. Spot urine samples were collected from 35 symptomatic patients of unknown origin and 50 non-symptomatic volunteers (non-symptomatic group, NSG, 4–87 year-old).

Associations between Autism Spectrum Disorders and Maternally-Reported Use of Imidacloprid

The environmental contribution to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is largely unknown, but household pesticides are receiving increased attention. We examined associations between ASD and maternally-reported use of imidacloprid, a common flea and tick treatment for pets. Our analytic dataset included complete information for 262 typically developing controls and 407 children with ASD. Compared with exposure among controls, the odds of prenatal imidacloprid exposure among children with ASD were slightly higher, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.3 (95% Credible Interval [CrI] 0.78, 2.2).

Low levels of neonicotinoids are present in commonly-consumed fruits and vegetables sold in the US

Residue data for seven neonicotinoid pesticides collected between 1999 and 2015 by the US Department of Agriculture’s Pesticide Data Program (PDP) were collated and summarized by year across various food commodities, including fruit, vegetable, meat, dairy, grain, honey, and baby food, as well as water to qualitatively describe and examine trends in contamination frequency and residue concentrations. The highest detection frequencies (DFs) for neonicotinoids by year on all commodities were generally below 20%.

Neonicotinoids detected in surface water and sediment of the Pearl Rivers, South China

Occurrence and distribution of five neonicotinoids (NEOs) in surface water and sediment were studied in the Pearl Rivers, including three trunk streams, Dongjiang, Beijiang, Xijiang River (DR, BR and XR), South China. At least one neonicotinoid was detected in surface water and sediment of the Pearl Rivers, with imidacloprid (IMI) and thiamethoxam (THM) being the frequently detected NEOs. Total amount of NEOs (∑5neonics) in surface water and sediment ranged from 24.0 to 322 ng/L, and from 0.11 to 11.6 ng/g dw, respectively.

Deltaplan Biodiversiteitsherstel negeert de grootste sleutelproblemen op het Nederlandse platteland

De laatste decennia is het Nederlandse platteland veranderd in een ecologische woestijn. De verstikkende deken van ammoniak en landbouwgif die over ons landschap ligt, heeft vergaande gevolgen, niet alleen voor de natuur, maar ook voor onze gezondheid en voor het agrarische bedrijf. Iedereen heeft dan ook lang uitgekeken naar het Deltaplan Biodiversiteitsherstel dat een oplossing zou presenteren. Maar zelden was de teleurstelling zo groot. Het plan negeert de grootste sleutelproblemen op het Nederlandse platteland: het te kleine natuurareaal en een landbouw die extreem vervuilend is.

Pesticides are to blame for millions of birds lost from the New Zealand countryside over the past 30 years

Millions of birds have been lost from New Zealand countryside over the past 30 years. Most of them were introduced birds so have not been missed, but surely someone should have recognised that their loss indicated something had gone very wrong with farmland ecosystems. It is the decline of insects that has had the greatest impact on birds. There is no monitoring of insects in New Zealand to my knowledge.

Half of Michigan's Bumblebee Species in Decline, One Extinct

In Michigan, half of its bumblebee species have declined by 50 percent or more, Michigan Radio reported. "Of those twelve species, about half of them have declined and the other half are stable," Thomas Wood, a post-doctoral research associate at Michigan State University, told the radio station. Of the six species that have declined, their numbers dropped by more than 50 percent, Wood added. One species, the rusty patched bumblebee (Bombus affinis), has even gone extinct in Michigan. In 2017, the U.S.

Auch Spatzenfedern sind mit Neonicotinoiden belastet

Forscher der Schweizer Universität Neuenburg haben die Federn von Spatzen (Passer domesticus) in der Nähe von Ackerflächen auf Pestizide hin untersucht und sind auf Neonicotinoide gestoßen. Forscher um Fabrice Helfenstein und Segolene Humann-Guilleminot untersuchten nun, ob Vögel, die sich von Samen oder Insekten ernähren, einer Kontamination mit Neonicotinoiden ausgesetzt sind. Von den Ergebnissen berichten die Wissenschafter im Fachblatt "Science of the Total Environment".

Pesticides discovered in 83% of examined European soils

Today, 2,000 pesticides with 500 chemical substances are being used in Europe. However, data on how such substances affect soil quality is incomplete and fragmented, and fails to clearly reflect their overall impact on soil systems and human health. First-time research conducted in the course of two EU-funded projects, iSQAPER and RECARE, is shedding light on the state of European soils. The results are far from reassuring.